JOHN FITZGERALD KENNEDY, “INAUGURAL ADDRESS” (20 JANUARY 1961), a machine-readable edition
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917-1963)

edited by
Sara Ann Mehltretter


Voices of Democracy
Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project

Department of Communication,
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774

Brief notes on the text are included in the editorial
declaration of this header.

Kennedy, John F. “Inaugural Address.” January 20, 1961. Washington, DC. Text obtained from the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, [=A]
Kennedy, John F. “Inaugural Address.” January 20, 1961. Washington, DC. Audio recording obtained from the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library,{98A70DC5-1114-498C-B637-D0C441B57E0B}&type=Audio. [=B]


The copy-text is Kennedy 1961 (=A), the text provided by the Kennedy Presidential Library. Copy text (=A) has been checked against the audio version of the speech (=B) by Sara Ann Mehltretter. This selection was based on the plausible efficacy of the delivered speech on the steps of the Capitol Building. Applause lines have been removed from the copy-text. The Kennedy 1961 address (=A) represents the written transcript of the speech offered by the Kennedy administration. This version is followed for paragraphing, spelling, capitalization, and punctuation.

Paragraph numbers have been added in square brackets.

The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread. All double quotation marks are rendered with “, all single quotation marks with apostrophe ‘. This copy text is not subject to end-of-line hyphenation.

Standard date values are given in ISO form: yyyy-mm-dd.

Characteristics of interpretation of this edition are as follows:
Special characters and characters with diachronic marks: none.

Departures from the copy-text and general editorial procedures are as follows (reference numbers specify paragraph in which the departure occurs): None

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Classification

20 January 1961
Capitol Building
Washington, D.C.


Kennedy, John F.
cold war
inaugural address
presidential rhetoric
foriegn policy



VOD Assistant Editor
Samek, Alyssa A.

Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)


Mehltretter, Sara Ann

data entry and proof-reading of electronic copy-text


Mehltretter, Sara Ann

collation of electronic copy-text with other versions


Mehltretter, Sara Ann

editing of electronic text


Mehltretter, Sara Ann

proof-reading of edited electronic text