WARREN G. HARDING “ADDRESS OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AT THE CELEBRATION OF THE SEMICENTENNIAL OF THE FOUNDING OF THE CITY OF BIRMINGHAM, ALABAMA” (26 OCTOBER 1921)

Suggested Readings

Bean, Jonathan, ed. Race and Liberty in America: The Essential Reader. Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky, 2009.

Brigance, W. Norwood. “Ghostwriting before Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Radio.” Today’s Speech4 (1956): 10-12.

Dean, John W. Warren G. Harding. New York: Times Books, 2004.

Diener, Jacqulyn M. “President Warren G. Harding’s Birmingham Address.” Journal of the Alabama Academy of Science43 (1972): 63-77.

Eberly, Keith R. “‘To Thee We Sing’: Racial Politics and the Lincoln Memorial.” OAH Magazine of History23 (2009): 55-58.

Frantz, Edward O. The Door of Hope: Republican Presidents and the First Southern Strategy, 1877-1933. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2011.

Harding, Warren G. President Harding’s Address at the Dedication of the Lincoln Memorial. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1922.

Morello, John A. Selling the President, 1920: Albert D. Lasker, Advertising, and the Election of Warren G. Harding. New York: Praeger, 2001.

Murray, Robert K. The Harding Era. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969.

Payne, Phillip G. Dead Last: The Public Memory of Warren G. Harding’s Scandalous Legacy. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2009.

Pietrusza, David. 1920: The Year of Six Presidents. New York: Carroll & Graf, 2007.

Radosh, Ronald, and Allis Radosh. “Rethinking Warren G. Harding.” The New York Times, August 27, 2015.

Russell, Francis. The Shadow of Blooming Grove. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1968.

Sherman, Richard B. The Republican Party and Black America from McKinley to Hoover, 1896-1933. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1973.

Trani, Eugene P., and David L. Wilson. The Presidency of Warren G. Harding. Lawrence: The Regent Press of Kansas, 1977.

Wilson, John F. “Harding’s Rhetoric of Normalcy, 1920-1923.” Quarterly Journal of Speech48 (1962): 406-411.

Audio-Visual Materials

The Washington Post, Presidential Podcast. “Episode 29: Warren G. Harding.” Produced by Lillian Cunningham. 2018. Podcast.

U.S. National Archives. “Lincoln Memorial Dedication, 1922.” Video Recording. https://youtu.be/DVUbzOk8mCc

U.S. National Archives. “President Warren G. Harding [1921-1923].” Video Recording. https://youtu.be/KPgBc7-H-Po

“Warren G. Harding, ‘Return to Normalcy.’” Audio Recording. https://youtu.be/wXETeWS6ub8

Online Resources

“1921 Presidential Visit.” Bhamwiki, available at https://www.bhamwiki.com/w/1921_Presidential_visit

Bailey, Greg. “The Presidential Speech on Race Shocked the Nation…in 1921.” Narratively: Hidden History, 2016, available at https://narratively.com/this-presidential-speech-on-race-shocked-the-nation-in-1921/

Causey, Donna R. “The First Speech Given in the South by a Sitting President which Called for Racial Equality was Given in Birmingham, Alabama in 1921.” Alabama Pioneers, available at https://www.alabamapioneers.com/racial-equality/

Herr, John. “President Warren G. Harding’s Birmingham Civil Rights Speech: Bold Then, Forgotten Today.” Alabama Newscenter, 2015, available at https://alabamanewscenter.com/2015/10/26/president-warren-g-hardings-birmingham-civil-rights-speech-bold-then-forgotten-today/

Matthews, Dylan. “Secret Love Child Aside, Warren Harding was a Solid President.” Vox, 2015, available at https://www.vox.com/2014/7/9/5881009/in-defense-of-warren-harding