Bacon, Jacqueline. The Humblest May Stand Forth: Rhetoric, Empowerment, and Abolition.  Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2002.

Fitch, Suzanne Pullon, and Roseann M. Mandziuk. Sojourner Truth as Orator: Wit, Story, and Song. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.

Gaines, Robert N. “The Processes and Challenges of Textual Authentication.” In The Handbook of Rhetoric and Public Address. Ed. Shawn J. Parry-Giles and J. Michael Hogan, 133-156. Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2010.

Greyser, Naomi. “Affective Geographies: Sojourner Truth’s Narrative, Feminism, and the Ethical Bind of Sentimentalism.” American Literature 79, no. 2 (2007): 275-305.

Logan, Shirley Wilson. “Black Speakers, White Representations: Frances Ellen Watkins Harper and the Construction of a Public Persona.” In African American Rhetoric(S): Interdisciplinary Perspectives, ed. Elaine B. Richardson and Ronald L. Jackson, 21-36. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2004.

Mabee, Carleton, and Susan Mabee Newhouse. Sojourner Truth: Slave, Prophet, Legend. New York: New York University Press, 1993.

Painter, Nell Irvin. “Difference, Slavery, and Memory: Sojourner Truth in Feminist Abolitionism.” In The Abolitionist Sisterhood: Women’s Political Culture in Antebellum America, ed. Jean Fagan Yellin and John C. Van Horne, 139-158. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994.

________. “Representing Truth: Sojourner Truth’s Knowing and Becoming Known.” The Journal of American History 81, no. 2 (1994): 461-492.

________. Sojourner Truth: A Life, a Symbol. New York: W. W. Norton, 1996.

Stetson, Erlene, and Linda David. Glorying in Tribulation: The Lifework of Sojourner Truth. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1994.

Truth, Sojourner, and Frances W. Titus. Narrative of Sojourner Truth; a Bonds-Woman of Olden Time, Emancipated by the New York Legislature in the Early Part of the Present Century; with a History of Her Labors and Correspondence Drawn from Her “Book of Life.” Battle Creek, MI: For the author, 1878.

Washington, Margaret. Sojourner Truth’s America. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

Audio-Visual Materials

“Battle Creek Monument Park.” C-SPAN School Bus, December 8, 1996, C-SPAN,

“History of Black Leaders Panel.” Printers Row Lit Fest, June 6, 2009, C-SPAN,

McGill, Alice. “Sojourner Truth Speaks.” ed. Alice McGill. Joppa, MD, 1986.

“Sojourner Truth Crusade.” National Congress of Black Women, August 15, 2002, C-SPAN,

“Sojourner Truth Discussion.” Sojourner Truth Institute, April 29, 2001, C-SPAN,

“Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol.” Nell Irvin Painter, C-SPAN Booknotes,

“Sojourner Truth Portrayal.” Rivier College, February 18, 1997, C-SPAN,

“Sojourner Truth and Women’s History.” Federal Judicial Center, April 24, 2001, C-SPAN,

“Tribute to Sojourner Truth.” U.S. Capitol, April 28, 2009, C-SPAN.

Truth, Sojourner. Words of Truth Songs and Speeches of Sojourner Truth. Battle Creek, MI: Sojourner Truth Institute of Battle Creek, 2005.

“Writings of Sojourner Truth.” C-SPAN American Writers, April 30, 2001, C-SPAN,

On-Line Resources

Ohio Historical Society. Marker #6-77 Site of Sojourner Truth’s Speech on Women’s Rights. Remarkable Ohio,

Image of the Akron Universalist Church, site of Sojourner Truth’s speech,

“Sojourner Truth Bust.” Architect of the Capitol,

“Sojourner Truth Institute,”

“Sojourner Truth (Educational Materials: African American Odyssey).” Library of Congress,

“Sojourner Truth: Online Resources,” Virtual Services, Library of Congress,   

“This Far by Faith, Sojourner Truth,” PBS,

Last updated June 15, 2016.