Beale, Howard K. Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Press, 1956.

Bederman, Gail. Manliness and Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race in the United States, 1880-1917. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Brands, H. W. T. R.: The Last Romantic. New York: Basic Books, 1997.

Dalton, Kathleen. Theodore Roosevelt: A Strenuous Life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2002.

Dorsey, Leroy G. “Preaching Morality in Modern America: Theodore Roosevelt’s Rhetorical Progressivism.” In Rhetoric and Reform in the Progressive Era. Vol. 6. Edited by J. Michael Hogan. East Lansing, MI:Michigan State University Press, 2003. (This volume is part of the series, A Rhetorical History of the United States: Significant Moments in American Public Discourse.)

——. “Sailing into the ‘Wondrous Now’: The Myth of the American Navy’s World Cruise.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 83 (1997): 447-465.

——. “The Frontier Myth in Presidential Rhetoric: Theodore Roosevelt’s Campaign for Conservation.” Western Journal of Communication 59 (1995): 1-19.

Dorsey, Leroy G., and Rachel M. Harlow. “‘We Want Americans Pure and Simple’: Theodore Roosevelt and the Myth of Americanism.” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 6 (2003): 55-78.

Dyer, Thomas. Theodore Roosevelt and the Idea of Race. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1980.

Friedenberg, Robert V. Theodore Roosevelt and the Rhetoric of Militant Decency. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Grondahl, Paul. I Rose Like a Rocket: The Political Education of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Free Press, 2004.

Harbaugh, William H. The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt, Rev. ed. New York: Collier Books, 1963.

Hogan, J. Michael. The Panama Canal in American Politics: Domestic Advocacy and the Evolution of Policy. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1986.

Judis, John B. The Folly of Empire: What George W. Bush Could Learn from Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. New York: Scribner, 2004.

Lewis, William D. The Life of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: United Publishers, 1919.

Lucas, Stephen E. “The Man with the Muck Rake: A Reinterpretation.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 59 (1973): 452-462.

Marolda, Edward J. Theodore Roosevelt, the U.S. Navy, and the Spanish-American War. New York: Palgrave, 2001.

Miller, Nathan. Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Harper Perennial, 1994.

Morris, Edmund. The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, Inc. 1979.

Mowry, George E. The Era of Theodore Roosevelt and the Birth of Modern America. New York: Harper and Row, 1958.

Riis, Jacob A. Theodore Roosevelt, The Citizen. 1904; Adamant Media Corp., 2004.

Roosevelt, Theodore. An Autobiography. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1929.

——. The Rough Riders. 1899; New York: Signet Classic, 1961.

——. The Strenuous Life: Essays and Addresses. New York: The Century Co., 1901.

——. The Works of Theodore Roosevelt. National Edition. 20 vols. New York: Charles Scriber’s Sons, 1926.

Walker, Dale L. The Boys of ’98: Theodore Roosevelt and the Rough Riders. New York: Forge Books, 1999.

Audio-Visual Materials

A&E Biography. Theodore Roosevelt: Roughrider to Rushmore. New York: A&E Home Video, 2004. Video Recording.

De Vries, Richard. Theodore Roosevelt–An American Lion. New York: A&E Home Video, 2003. Video Recording.

Engle, Harrison. The Indomitable Teddy Roosevelt. Chatsworth, CA: Image Entertainment, 1999. Video Recording.

Grubin, David. TR: The Story of Theodore Roosevelt. Boston: PBS/WGBH American Experience, 2006. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“Life of Theodore Roosevelt.” Theodore Roosevelt Association,

“Theodore Roosevelt Collection Manuscripts.” Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard University,

“Theodore Roosevelt: His Life and Times on Film.” Library of Congress,

“Theodore Roosevelt Papers.” Library of Congress,

Last updated May 16, 2016