An Account of the Proceedings on the Trial of Susan B. Anthony, on the Charge of Illegal Voting, at the Presidential Election in Nov., 1872, and on the Trial of Beverly W. Jones, Edwin T. Marsh and William B. Hall, the Inspectors of Election by Whom Her Vote Was Received. Rochester, NY: Daily Democrat and Chronicle Book Print, 1874.

Susan B. Anthony, “Is It a Crime for a U.S. Citizen to Vote?” in Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony: Correspondence, Writings, Speeches, edited by Ellen Carol DuBois (New York, Shocken Books, 1981): 152-65.

Susan B. Anthony, “Is It a Crime for a U.S. Citizen to Vote?” in The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony, vol. 2, edited by Ida Husted Harper (Indianapolis, IN: The Hollenbeck Press, 1898): 977-92.

Susan B. Anthony, “Is It a Crime for a U.S. Citizen to Vote?” In Man Cannot Speak For Her, vol. 2, Key Texts of the Early Feminists, compiled by Karlyn Kohrs Campbell (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1989): 279-316.

Basch, Norma. “Reconstitutions: History, Gender, and the Fourteenth Amendment.” In The Constitutional Bases of Political and Social Change in the United States.Edited by Shlomo Slonim (New York: Praeger, 1990): 171–183.

Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs. “Contemporary Rhetorical Criticism: Genres, Analogs, and Susan B. Anthony.” In The Jensen Lectures: Contemporary Communication Studies. Edited by John I. Sisco (Tampa: University of South Florida, 1982): 117-132.

______. Man Cannot Speak for Her. Vol. 1, A Critical Study of Early Feminist Rhetoric. New York: Praeger, 1989.

______. Man Cannot Speak for Her. Vol. 2, Key Texts of the Early Feminists. New York: Praeger, 1989.

Campbell, Karlyn Kohrsand Angela G. Ray. “‘No Longer by Your Leave’: The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction Amendments on Women’s Rhetoric.” In A Rhetorical History of the United States. Vol. 4, Public Debate in the Civil War Era. Edited by David Zarefsky and Michael C. Leff. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, forthcoming.

Crowley, Richard. “Woman Suffrage Question.” United States Circuit Court, Second Circuit, Northern District of New York. The United States vs. Susan B. Anthony. Argument of Richard Crowley, U.S. District Attorney. Lockport, NY: M. C. Richardson & Co., Printers, n.d.

DuBois, Ellen Carol. “Outgrowing the Compact of the Fathers: Equal Rights, Woman Suffrage, and the United States.” Journal of American History 74, no. 3 (December 1987): 836–862.

______. “Taking the Law into Our Own Hands: Bradwell, Minor, and Suffrage Militance in the 1870s.” In Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism. Edited by Nancy A. Hewitt and Suzanne Lebsock (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1993): 19–40.

“The Duty of Women Citizens.” Woodhull and Claflin’s Weekly, 22 April 1871, 4.

Edwards, G. Thomas. Sowing Good Seeds: The Northwest Suffrage Campaigns of Susan B. Anthony. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1990.

“The First Woman Ballot.” Woodhull and Claflin’s Weekly, 22 April 1871, 1.

Flexner, Eleanor. Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Rights Movement in the United States. New York: Atheneum, 1974.

“The Force of the Fourteenth Amendment to Be Tested.” Woodhull and Claflin’s Weekly, 29 April 1871, 11.

Garrison, William Lloyd. “Mr. Garrison on the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments.” Woman’s Journal, 9 December 1871, 391.

Gordon, Ann D., ed. The Selected Papers of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony. Vol. 2, Against an Aristocracy of Sex, 1866 to 1873. New Brunswick, NJ:Rutgers University Press, 2000.

Greene, L. M. “Ladies–Offer Your Votes.” Woman’s Journal, 18 October 1873, 331.

Harper, Ida Husted. The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony, Vol. 1. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Howland, Marie. “The Right Thing to Be Done.” Woodhull and Claflin’s Weekly, 22 April 1871, 3.

Keyssar, Alexander. The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Kraditor, Aileen S. The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement, 1890–1920. New York: Norton, 1981.

Minor, Francis. “Fundamental Rights,” Revolution, 20 January 1870, 38–39.

______. Minor, Francis. “Make the Trial.” Revolution, 21 October 1869, 250.

Minor v. Happersett. 88 U.S. 162 (1874).

Moynihan, Ruth Barnes. Rebel for Rights: Abigail Scott Duniway. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1983.

“Mrs. Francis Minor.” Revolution, 28 October 1869, 258–259.

“Mrs. Woodhull Asserting Her Right to Vote.” Engraving. Harper’s Weekly, 25 November 1871, 1109.

Narrative of Sojourner Truth; a Bondswoman of Olden Time, Emancipated by the NewYork Legislature in the Early Part of the Present Century; with a History of Her Labors and Correspondence Drawn from Her “Book of Life.” Battle Creek, MI, 1878; reprint,New York: Arno Press, 1968.

Ray, Angela G. “The Rhetorical Ritual of Citizenship: Women’s Voting as Public Performance, 1868-1875.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 93:1 (February 2007): 1-26.

Ray, Angela G., and Cindy Koenig Richards, “Inventing Citizens, Imagining Gender Justice: The Suffrage Rhetoric of Virginia and Francis Minor.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 93 (2007): forthcoming.

Ryan, Mary P. Women in Public: Between Banners and Ballots, 1825–1880. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1990.

“St. Louis.” Revolution, 14 October 1869, 236.

“The St. Louis Convention.” Revolution, 21 October 1869, 250–251.

“The St. Louis Resolutions.” Revolution, 28 October 1869, 259.

“‘Sex Bias’ as Seen in the U.S. Constitution.” Woman’s Journal, 24 April 1875, 131.

Smith, Abby H. “Women Who Want to Vote.” Woman’s Journal, 31 May 1873, 170.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda Joslyn Gage. History of Woman Suffrage. Vol. 2. New York: Fowler and Wells, 1882.

“Susan B. Anthony’s Vote.” Harper’s Weekly, 5 July 1873, 581.

Terborg-Penn, Rosalyn. African American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1998.

U.S. Congress. House. Victoria C. Woodhull. Reports of the Committee on the Judiciary. 41st Cong., 3d sess. H. Rpt. 22, pts. 1 and 2. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1871.

U.S. Congress. Senate. Memorial of Victoria C. Woodhull, Praying the Passage of a Law Carrying into Execution the Right Vested by the Constitution in Citizens of the United States to Vote, without Regard to Sex. 41st Cong., 3d sess. S. Mis.Doc. 16. Washington,DC: Government Printing Office, 1870.

Warrington. “Right of Women to Vote under the XIVth and XVth Amendments.” Woman’s Journal, 14 October 1871, 321.

Winkler, Adam. “A Revolution Too Soon: Woman Suffragists and the ‘Living Constitution.'” New York University Law Review 76 (November 2001): 1456–1526.

“A Woman at the Register’s Office.” Revolution, 19 November 1868, 308–309.

“A Woman Voter.” Revolution, 19 November 1868, 316.

“A Woman Who Dared.” Revolution, 16 December 1869, 379.

“Woman’s Suffrage.” Revolution, 19 November 1868, 316.

“Woman’s Suffrage Convention in St. Louis—Ideas to Be Fought, Not Men.” Revolution, 14 October 1869, 235.

“Women at the Polls.” Harper’s Weekly, 25 November 1871, 1109.

“Women at the Polls.” Harper’s Weekly, 13 November 1880, 723.

“Women at the Polls.” Revolution, 7 May 1868, 281.

“Women Voting.” Revolution, 11 November 1869, 300.

“Women Voting in This State.” Revolution, 25 May 1871, 9.

Audio-Visual Materials

Burns, Ken. “Not For Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.” Warner Home Video, 1999. Video Recording.

Debbie Elliott. “Remembering Susan B. Anthony’s Pioneering Vote.” All Things Considered, posted 7 January 2007.

On-Line Resources

Banks, Kimberly J., and Ann Pfau. “Women Who Went to the Polls.” Stanton and Anthony Papers Project Online,, posted 12 July 2001.

Gordon, Ann D. “The Trial of Susan B. Anthony.”$file/SusanBAnthony.pdf, posted 2005.

Elliott, Debbie. “Remembering Susan B. Anthony’s Pioneering Vote.” All Things Considered,, posted 7January 2007.

“Remarks by Susan B. Anthony in the Circuit Court of the United States for the Northern District of New York.” Ann D. Gordon, ed. The Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony Papers Project,, posted August 2006.

Last updated March 21, 2016