Address to the National Association of Evangelicals (“Evil Empire Speech”), a machine-readable edition
Reagan, Ronald (1911-2004)

edited by
Paul Fessler and Donald Roth (editors), Ashley Kasper (research assistant)


Voices of Democracy
Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project

Department of Communication,
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774

Reagan, Ronald. “Address to the National Association of Evangelicals” (“Evil Empire Speech”), March 3, 1983. Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia, (audiotape version). [=A]
Reagan, Ronald. “Address to the National Association of Evangelicals” (“Evil Empire Speech”), March 3, 1983. Public Papers of President Ronald W. Reagan, The Reagan Presidential Library [=B]

The copy-text is Reagan 1983 (=A), an audiotape representation of the delivered speech. This selection was based on the plausible efficacy of the delivered speech and the large number of viewers of the speech and subsequently in various venues. The references contained in the brackets of the copy-text refer to the audible responses from the audience that were supplied by the editor.

Reagan 1983 (=B) is followed for paragraphing and punctuation.

Standard date values are given in ISO form: yyyy-mm-dd.

Characteristics of interpretation of this edition are as follows:
Paragraph numbers have been added in square brackets.
The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread.
This copy text is not subject to end-of-line hyphenation.
All double quotation marks are rendered with “, all single quotation marks with apostrophe ‘.
Proper names are not marked.
Dates are not marked.
Emphasis is marked without interpretation.
Special characters and characters with diachronic marks: none

Departures from the copy-text and general editorial procedures are as follows: none

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Classification

08 March 1983
National Association of Evangelicals
Citrus Crown Ballroom, Twin Towers Hotel, Orlando, Florida


Presidents–United States–Speeches



VOD Associate Editor
Gaines, Robert N.

Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)


Paul Fessler and Donald Roth

data entry and proof-reading of electronic copy-text


research assistant
Ashley Kasper

proof-reading of electronic copy-text


Paul Fessler

proof-reading of electronic copy-text