Arsenault, Raymond.  Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Barber, Lucy G.  Marching on Washington: The Forging of an American Political Tradition.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Belknap, Michal R.  Federal Law and Southern Order: Racial Violence and Constitutional Conflict in the Post-Brown South.  Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Branch, Taylor.  Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988.

Carson, Clayborne.  In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s.  rev. ed. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Chen, Anthony S.  The Fifth Freedom: Jobs, Politics, and Civil Rights in the United States, 1941-1972.  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2009.

Dittmer, John.  Local People: The Struggle for Civil Rights in Mississippi.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Forman, James.  The Making of Black Revolutionaries: A Personal Account.  New York: Macmillan, 1972.

Garrow, David J.  Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.  New York: William Morrow, 1986.

Halberstam, David.  The Children.  New York: Fawcett, 1998.

Hogan, Wesley C.  Many Minds, One Heart: SNCC’s Dream for a New America.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

King, Mary.  Freedom Song: A Personal Story of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement.  New York: William Morrow, 1987.

Lawson, Steven F.  Black Ballots: Voting Rights in the South 1944-1969.  New York: Columbia University Press, 1976.

Lee, Taeku.  Mobilizing Public Opinion: Black Insurgency and Racial Attitudes in the Civil Rights Era.  Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Lewis, John, and Michael D’Orso.  Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998.

Pauley, Garth E.  “John Lewis’s ‘Serious Revolution: Rhetoric, Resistance, and Revision at the ‘March on Washington.'”  Quarterly Journal of Speech 84 (1998): 320-340.

Ritter, Kurt, and Garth E. Pauley.  “John Robert Lewis.”  In African American Orators: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook, edited by Richard W. Leeman, pp. 226-238.  Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.

Viorst, Milton.  Fire in the Streets: America in the 1960s.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1979.

Zinn, Howard.  SNCC: The New Abolitionists.  Boston: Beacon, 1964.

Audio-Visual Materials

DeVinney, James A., and Callie Crossley.  “No Easy Walk,” episode 2.  Eyes on the Prize: America’s Civil Rights Years, 1954-1965.  Boston, MA: WGBH, 1987.  Video Recording.

Martin, Philip.  The ’63 March: Going to D.C.  Boston, MA: WGBH, 2003.  Radio Program,

U.S. Information Agency.  March on Washington, 1963.  Washington: National Archives, 2008.  Video Recording.

Hoffman, Davis.  “We Can Change the World,” episode 2.  Making Sense of the Sixties.  Washington: WETA, 1991.  Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“John Lewis.”  John F. Kennedy Presidential Library,

“March on Washington.”  Martin Luther King Jr. Research and Education Institute at Stanford University,

“March on Washington and the Civil Rights Act.”  Amistad Digital Resource Center, [contains an excerpt from an earlier draft of Lewis’s speech, wrongfully presented as if these were the words he actually spoke at the March].

PBS, “Politics and the March on Washington,” American Experience, n.d.,

Travis Smiley Show, “Rep. John Lewis, ‘Big Six’ Leader,” 28 August 2003,

Last updated October 28, 2020