Alinsky, Saul. John L. Lewis: An Unauthorized Biography. New York: Vintage Books, 1970.

Bernstein, Iriving. Turbulent Years: A History of the American Worker, 1933-1941. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969.

Carnes, Cecil. John L. Lewis: Leader of Labor. New York: Robert Speller, Co., 1936.

Darsey, James. “Eugene Debs and American Class.” In Rhetoric and Reform in the Progressive Era. Edited by J. Michael Hogan. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University Press, 2002: 229-267.

________. The Prophetic Tradition and Radical Rhetoric in America. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

De Sales, Raoul De Roussy. “John L. Lewis,” Atlantic Monthly, June 1937, 652.

Dubofsky, Melvyn. “Not So Radical Years: Another Look at the 1930s.” In Major Problems in the History of American Workers. Edited by Eileen Boris and Nelson Lichtenstein. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath & Co., 1991.

Dubofsky, Melvyn, and Foster Rhea Dulles. Labor in America: A History. 7th ed. Wheeling, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 2004.

Dubofsky, Melvyn, and Warren Van Tine. John L. Lewis: A Biography. New York: Quadrangle/The New York Times Book Co., 1977.

Filippelli, Ronald. Labor in the USA: A History. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984.

Fried, Albert. FDR and His Enemies. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Gallagher, Mary Brigid. “John L. Lewis: The Oratory of Pity and Indignation.” Today’s Speech 9 (1961): 16.

Galenson, Walter. The CIO Challenge to the AFL: A History of the American Labor Movement 1935-1941. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Jensen, Richard. “The Thundering Voice of John L. Lewis.” In American Rhetoric in the New Deal Era. Edited by Thomas W. Benson. East Lansing, Michigan: Michigan State University Press, 2006.

Madison, Charles A. American Labor Leader. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1950.

Rothman, Richard. “On the Speaking of John L. Lewis.” Central States Speech Journal 14 (1963): 182-184.

________. “Name-calling and Its Results: A Vignette.” Today’s Speech 10 (1962): 11.

Singer, Alan J. “‘Something of a Man’: John L. Lewis, the UMWA, and the CIO, 1919-1943.” Edited by John M. Laslett. The United Mine Workers of America: A Model of Industrial Solidarity? University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State U. Press, 1996.

Stolberg, Benjamin. “The Education of John L. Lewis, III.” The Nation, 15 August 1936: 179.

________. “John L. Lewis: Portrait of a Realist.” The Nation, 1 August 1936: 122-124.

Wechsler, James A. Labor Baron: A Portrait of John L. Lewis. New York: W. Morrow and Company, 1944. Reprint, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, Inc., 1972.

Zieger, Robert. The CIO: 1935-1955. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.

________. John L. Lewis: Labor Leader. Boston, MA: Twayne Publishers, 1988.

Archives and microfilm collections

John L. Lewis Records. Microfilm Set. State Historical Society of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin.

United Mine Workers of America Papers. Historical Collections and Labor Archives. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania.

Audio-Visual Materials

Cesar Chavez, United Farm Workers, Audios and CDs, The Freedom Archives.

Harlan County, U.S.A., directed by Barbara Kopple (1976; The Criterion Collection). DVD.

Republic Steel Strike Riot Newsreel Footage, produced by Paramount Pictures (1937). Newsreel.

Salt of the Earth, directed by Herbert J. Biberman (1954; Independent Productions). DVD.

U.S. Labor and Industrial History World Wide Web Audio Video, Department of History, University of Albany, State University of New York,

Video of Lewis speaking to the U.S. Congress after a mine explosion in Centralia, Illinois in 1947,

On-Line Resources

AFL-CIO—America’s Unions,

General Records of the Department of Labor, Guide to Federal Records, National Archives and Records Administration,

James Gilbert Cassedy, “African Americans and the American Labor Movement,” Prologue Magazine, National Archives and Records Administration,

Labor and Working-Class History Association, Labor Archives Roundtable,

Labor Archives and Research Center, Leonard Library, San Francisco State University,

Library of Congress History of Labor Resources,

“Links to Labor History Resources in the United States,” Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut,

Southern Labor Archives, University Library, Georgia State University,

The Labor Project, University of Oregon,

The Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York University,

United Farm Workers,

University of Washington Library Resources for the Study of Labor History:

Last updated May 6, 2016