Burns, James. John Kennedy: A Political Profile. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1960.

Campbell, Karlyn Kohrs, and Kathleen Hall Jamieson. Deeds Done in Words: Presidential Rhetoric and the Genres of Governance. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

————. “Inaugurating the Presidency,” Presidential Studies Quarterly 25 (1985): 394-411.

————. Presidents Creating the Presidency: Deeds Done in Words. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2008, 1990.

Clarke, Thurston. Ask Not: The Inauguration of John F. Kennedy and the Speech That Changed America. 1st ed. New York: Henry Holt and Co., 2004.

Dallek, Robert. An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963. 1st ed. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Co., 2003.

Giglio, James N. The Presidency of John F. Kennedy. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Kennedy, John F. Profiles in Courage. New York: Harper, 1956.

————. Why England Slept. New York: W. Funk, Inc, 1940.

Kenny, Edward B. “Another Look at Kennedy’s Inaugural Address.” Today’s Speech 13 (1965): 17-19.

Leamer, Laurence. The Kennedy Men. New York: Harper Collins Publishers, 2001.

Lincoln, Evelyn. My Twelve Years with John F. Kennedy. New York: David McKay, Inc., 1965.

Manchester, William. The Death of a President. New York: Harper & Row, 1967.

O’Brien, Michael. John F. Kennedy: A Biography. 1st ed. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin’s Press, 2005.

Report of the Warren Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy: The Dramatic Official Answer to Who Killed Kennedy. New York: Bantam Books, Inc., 1964.

Salinger, Pierre. With Kennedy. New York: Doubleday and Co., 1966.

Schlesinger, Arthur M. A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1965.

Sheard, Cynthia Miecznikowski. “The Public Value of Epideictic Rhetoric.” College English 58 (1996): 765-795.

Sorensen, Theodore C. Decision-Making in the White House. New York: Columbia University Press, 1963.

————. Kennedy. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, 1965.

Sugino, Takako. “Stylistic Aspects of John F. Kennedy’s Inaugural Address.” Speech Education 2 (1974): 48-53.

Wolfarth, Donald L. “John F. Kennedy in the Traditional of Inaugural Speeches.”

Quarterly Journal of Speech 47 (1961): 124-132.

Audio-Visual Materials 

Bernstein, Armyan. Thirteen Days. New York: New Line Home Entertainment, 2001. Motion Picture, Video Recording.

Jennings, Peter. The Kennedy Assassination: Beyond Conspiracy. New York: ABC News Productions, 2004. Video Recording.

The JFK Tapes: Inside the Cuban Missile Crisis. Princeton, NJ: Films for the Humanities and Sciences, 1998. Video Recording.

Martin, Terry. Crisis in Cuba. New York: History Channel, A&E Home Video, 1994. Video Recording.

“Media Gallery.” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. Photographs, available at

Prados, John. The White House Tapes: Eavesdropping on the President. New York: New Press, 2003. Audio Recording.

The Speeches of John F. Kennedy. Oak Forest, IL: MPI Home Video, 1990. Video Recording.

Stone, Oliver. JFK. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video. Motion Picture, Video Recording. 

On-Line Resources

American President: John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia,

Bartley, Robert L. Kennedy’s Vietnam. Wall Street Journal OpinionJournal

Biography of John F. Kennedy. Official White House Website, History & Tours, Past Presidents,

Bostdorff, Denise and Steven Goldzwig. Idealism and Pragmatism in American Foreign Policy Rhetoric,

Bringham, Robert K. Battlefield Vietnam: A History. PBS.org

Galbraith, James. Kennedy, Vietnam, and Iraq. Salon.com

JFK Executive Orders. University of Michigan School of Information,

“John F. Kennedy.” Deathiversary. The Biography Channel,

John F. Kennedy Photo History. The History Place

John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum.

McAdams, John. The Kennedy Assassination,

United States Department of State. Foreign Relations of the United States, Kennedy Administration,

Last updated May 4, 2016