Suggested Readings

Branch, Taylor.  Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63.  New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988.

Catsam, Derek C.  “Civil Rights.”  In A Companion to John F. Kennedy, edited by Mark J. Selverstone, 540-57.  Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2014.

Clark, E. Culpepper.  The Schoolhouse Door: Segregation’s Last Stand at the University of Alabama.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Dudziak, Mary L.  “Birmingham, Addis Ababa, and the Image of America: International Influence on U.S. Civil Rights Politics in the Kennedy Administration.”  In Window on Freedom: Race, Civil Rights, and Foreign Affairs, 1945-1988, edited by Brenda Gayle Plummer, 181-200.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.

Goldzwig, Steven R., and George N. Dionisopoulos.  In a Perilous Hour: The Public Address of John F. Kennedy.  Westport: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Lentz, Richard, and Karla K. Gower.  The Opinions of Mankind: Racial Issues, Press, and Propaganda in the Cold War.  Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2010.

Hodgson, Godfrey.  JFK and LBJ: The Last Two Great Presidents.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015.

Hollars, B. J.  Opening the Doors: The Desegregation of the University of Alabama and the Fight for Civil Rights in Tuscaloosa.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2013.

Milkis, Sidney M., and Daniel J. Tichenor.  Rivalry and Reform: Presidents, Social Movements, and the Transformation of American Politics.  Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2019.

Parry-Giles, Shawn J., and Trevor Parry-Giles, eds.  Public Address and Moral Judgment: Critical Studies in Ethical Tensions.  East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 2009.

Pauley, Garth E.  The Modern Presidency and Civil Rights: Rhetoric on Race from Roosevelt to Nixon.  College State: Texas A&M University Press, 2001.

Rieder, Jonathan.  “The Day President Kennedy Embraced Civil Rights–and the Story Behind It.”  The Atlantic, June 11, 2013.

Rosenberg, Jonathan, and Zachary Karabell, eds.  Kennedy, Johnson, and the Quest for Justice: The Civil Rights Tapes.  New York: W. W. Norton, 2003.

Schlesinger, Robert.  “The Story Behind JFK’s 1963 Landmark Civil Rights Speech.”  U.S. News & World Report, June 11, 2013.

Stern, Mark.  Calculating Visions: Kennedy, Johnson, and Civil Rights.  New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1992.

Sundquist, James L.  Politics and Policy: The Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson Years. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1968.

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.  Civil Rights ’63: Report of the United States Commission on Civil Rights.  Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1963.

Audio-Visual Materials

Bellows, Susan, dir.  JFK.  The American Experience, PBS.  Aired November 12, 2013.

Crossley, Callie, and James A. DeVinney, dir.  Eyes on the Prize: No Easy Walk.  The American Experience, PBS. Aired February 11, 1987.

DeVinney, James A., dir.  The Kennedys.  The American Experience, PBS.  Aired September 20, 1992.

Drew, Robert, dir.  Crisis: Behind a Presidential Commitment. 1963; The Kennedy Films of Robert Drew & Associates.  New York: Criterion Collection, 2016.  DVD.

Online Resources

“Integrating the University of Alabama.”  Transcript.  Kennedy Library Forum, November 17, John F. Kennedy Presidential Library.

Kennedy, John F.  Televised Address to the Nation on Civil Rights of June 11, 1963.  Video Recording.  John F. Kennedy Presidential Library.

Kennedy, John F.  President’s News Conference of May 8, 1963.  Audio Recording.  John F. Kennedy Presidential Library.

Kennedy, John F., Robert F. Kennedy, Burke Marshall, and Theodore Sorensen.  May 20, 1963, Meeting on Civil Rights Legislation.  Audio Recording.  John F. Kennedy Presidential Library.

King, Martin Luther, Jr.  Speech at a Mass Meeting in Birmingham, Alabama, on May 12, 1963. Audio Recording.  New York Public Radio Archives.  WNYC.

“On Kennedy and King.”  Transcript.  Kennedy Library Forum, June 11, 2003.  John F. Kennedy Presidential Library.

The American Revolution of ’63, Part 1.  NBC News, September 2, 1963.  C-SPAN Video Library.

“The Kennedys and the Civil Rights Movement.”  John F. Kennedy National Historical Site, National Park Service.

Wallace, George C.  Statement and Proclamation at the University of Alabama on June 11, 1963. Alabama Department of Archives and History.