Carter, Heath W. Union Made: Working People and the Rise of Social Christianity in Chicago. New York: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Evans, Christopher H.  The Social Gospel in American Religion: A History.New York: New York University Press, 2016.

Fosdick, Harry E. “Shall the Fundamentalists Win?” The Christian Century 39 (June 8, 1922): 713-717; “Shall the Fundamentalists Win?” The Christian Work 102 (June 10, 1922): 716-722.

———.The Living of These Days. New York: Harper & Sons, 1956.

Hatch, Nathan O. The Democratization of American Christianity. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1989.

Jacoby, Susan.The Great Agnostic: Robert Ingersoll and American Freethought. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013.

Larson, Edward.Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America’s Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion. New York: Basic Books, 1997.

Longfield, Bradley J. The Presbyterian Controversy: Fundamentalists, Modernists, and Moderates. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

MacCartney, Clarence E. “Shall Unbelief Win? An Answer to Dr. Fosdick,” Presbyterian, July 13, 1922.

Machen, J. Gresham. Christianity and Liberalism. New York: Macmillan; Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2009.

Maddux, Kristy. “The Foursquare Gospel of Aimee Semple McPherson,” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 14 (2011): 291-326.

———.“Fundamentalist Fool or Populist Paragon? WilliamJennings Bryan and the Campaign Against Evolutionary Theory,” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 16 (2013): 489-520.

Marsden, George M. Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 1991.

Marty, Martin E. Pilgrims in Their Own Land: 500 Years of Religion in America. New York: Penguin, 1985.

McGee, Michael C. “The ‘Ideograph’: A Link Between Rhetoric and Ideology,” Quarterly Journal of Speech 66 (1980): 1-16.

McGerr, Michael. A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America.New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Miller, Robert M. Harry Emerson Fosdick: Preacher, Pastor, Prophet. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Noll, Mark A. The Old Religion in a New World: The History of North American Christianity. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans, 2002.

Rauschenbusch, Walter.Christianity and the Social Crisis in the 21stCentury. New York: HarperOne, 2007.

Ryan, Halford R. Harry Emerson Fosdick: Persuasive Preacher. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle.New York: Dover Thrift Editions, 2001.

Sutton, Matthew A. American Apocalypse: A History of Modern Evangelicalism. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Twain, Mark and Charles D. Warner. The Gilded Age: A Story of Today. Chicago: American Publishing Company, 1873; New York: Penguin Classics, 2001.

Audio-Visual Materials

American Experience. “God in America.” PBS. DVD. 2010. Available online at http://www.pbs.org/godinamerica/view.

“Inherit the Wind.” United Artists Film. 1960.

Online Resources

“Fosdick, Harry Emerson,” Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute: https://kinginstitute.stanford.edu/encyclopedia/fosdick-harry-emerson.

George, Timothy, “Fosdick’s Reformation,” First Things, May 1, 2017: https://www.firstthings.com/web-exclusives/2017/05/fosdicks-reformation.

“Harry Emerson Fosdick: Liberalism’s Populizer.” Christianity Today, n.d.,  https://www.christianitytoday.com/history/people/pastorsandpreachers/harry-emerson-fosdick.html.