“Gettysburg Address,” a machine-readable edition
Everett, Edward (1794-1865)

edited by
Bjørn F. Stillion Southard


Voices of Democracy
Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project

Department of Communication,
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774

Brief notes on the text are included in the editorial
declaration of this header.

Everett, Edward. “Address by Hon. Edward Everett,” in Address of Hon. Edward Everett at the Consecration of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, 19th November, 1863, with the Dedicatory Speech of President Lincoln, and the Other Exercises of the Occasion; Accompanied by an Account of the Origin of the Undertaking and of the Arrangement of the Cemetery Grounds, and by a Map of the Battle-Field and Plan of the Cemetery. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1864. 29-82. [=A]
Everett, Edward. Orations and Speeches on Various Occasions. vol. 4. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Company, 1885. 622-659. [=B]


The copy text is from Everett 1864. The criterion for this selection is that this version of the text is the most widely circulated and cited version of the speech. The version of the speech in Everett’s Address of Hon. Edward Everett was prepared by Everett at the request of the Gettysburg Dedication organizer David Wills. This copy served as the version he authorized for printing and distribution. As such, it is the edition of the speech most scholars consult. A delivery text does not exist, as Everett delivered the speech mostly from memory. All spellings have been kept in their original form. Some punctuation has been changed and is noted within brackets [].

The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread. All double quotations are rendered with “, all single quotations with an apostrophe ‘. This copy-text is not subject to end-of-line hyphenation. Paragraph numbers have been added in square brackets.

Standard date values are given in ISO form: yyyy-mm-dd.

Characteristics of interpretation of this edition are as follows:
Proper names are not marked.
Dates are not marked.
Emphasis is marked without interpretation.

Departures from the copy-text and general editorial procedures:
Two footnotes appeared in the printed version of Everett’s speech, one at the end of paragraph 23 and one at the end of 27. Those notes have been excluded, as the tone of these notes evinces a written and not oral convention.

List of Grammatically Incorrect Words That Have Not Been Changed in the Copy Text:
#7 and #18 skilfully (skillfully)

#13 and #15 manœuvring (maneuvering)

#18 strategical (strategic)

#22 reconnoissance (reconnaissance)

#36 reconnoitred (reconnoitered)

#38 battle-field (battlefield)

#45 retroceding (retrocede)

#47 perilling (periling)

#52 undiscernible (indiscernible)

#57 levelled (leveled)

#58 marshalled (marshaled)

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Classification

19 November 1863
Dedication of Gettysburg Cemetary
Gettysburg, PA


Everett, Edward, 1794-1865- – Oratory
Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863
Soldiers’ National Cemetary (Gettysburg, Pa.)



VOD Associate Editor
Gaines, Robert N.

Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)


Stillion Southard, Bjørn F.

data entry, editing, proof reading of electronic text