Shirley Anita St. Hill Chisholm (1924-2005)

edited by
Diane M. Blair


Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project

Department of Communication,
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774

Chisholm, Shirley A. “For the Equal Rights Amendment.” In Congressional Record, 91st Cong., 2d Sess., 1970, 116, pt. 21: 28028-28029. [=A]
Chisholm, Shirley A. “For the Equal Rights Amendment.” In
American Rhetoric from Roosevelt to Reagan, 2nd ed. Ed.,
Halford Ross Ryan. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, 1987:
220-224. [=B]

Chisholm, Shirley A. “For the Equal Rights Amendment.” In “A
Critical Analysis of Selected Speeches on Women’s Rights by
Representative Shirley Chisholm.” Margaret Jean Hankle,
Master’s Thesis, California State University, Long Beach, 1976:
Appendix F, 125-127. [=C]

The copy-text is the printed version of the speech that appears in the Congressional Record. This selection is based on the plausible efficacy of the delivered speech before the U.S. House of Representatives. The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. All speeches and debates delivered in Congress are included in the Congressional Record. The Congressional Record consists of four sections: the Daily Digest, the House section, the Senate section, and the Extension of Remarks. The Daily Digest summarizes the day’s floor and committee activities and serves as a table of contents for each issue. The House and Senate sections contain proceedings for the separate chambers of Congress. Finally, the Extension of Remarks includes tributes, statements, and other information that supplements statements made on the congressional floor. It is important to note that common practice allows members of Congress the right to edit material before publication in the Congressional Record. As stated in the “Laws and Rules for Publication of the Congressional Record,” these edits are limited and consist only of corrections to the original copy (deletions of correct material, substitutions of correct material, or additions of new materials are prohibited) to ensure the accuracy of the historical record. Members of Congress have the right to insert additional materials, under extension of remarks, either in the body of the Congressional Record or in the appendix. The text of this speech comes from the House section proceedings. The Ryan version of the speech cites the Congressional Record as its source. The Hankle version is a facsimile of the Congressional Record version. No other known version of this text exists beyond the copy in the Congressional Record. Archivists at the Rutger’s University Library (Center for American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute of Politics,
New Brunswick, New Jersey), where Chisholm’s papers are housed, likewise confirm that they know of no other extant version of this text.

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26 The Kanowitz quote was collated with the original source of the quotation and “inevitable” in the first sentence of the quote was changed to “inevitably” to follow the wording of the original source exactly. Quotation marks were added to indicate the direct quote. See Kanowitz, Leo. Women and the Law: The Unfinished Revolution. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1969, 4.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Classification

10 August 1970
U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. Capitol Building, Washington, D.C


United States–Politics and Government



VOD Associate Editor
Gaines, Robert N.

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Diane M. Blair

data entry and proof-reading of electronic copy-text


Diane M. Blair

collation of electronic copy-text with other versions and editing of electronic text


Diane M. Blair

proof-reading of edited electronic text