Barnwell, Cherron Annette. “The Dialogics of Self in the Autobiographies of African- American Public Women: Ida B. Wells, Shirley Chisholm, Angela Davis, and Anita Hill.” Ph.D. dissertation, Howard University, 2002.

Brown, Delindus R., and Wanda F. Anderson. “A Survey of the Black Woman and the Persuasion Process: The Study of Strategies of Identification and Resistance.” Journal of Black Studies 9.2 (Dec. 1978): 233-248.

Brownmiller, Susan. Shirely Chisholm: A Biography. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1971.

Canas, Kathryn Anne. “Barbara Jordan, Shirley Chisholm, and Lani Guinier: Crafting Identification through the Rhetorical Interbraiding of Value.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Utah, 2002.

Carruth, Ruth, and Vivian Jenkins Nelson. “Shirley Chisholm: Woman of Complexity, Conscience, and Compassion.” In Women Leaders in Contemporary U.S. Politics. Eds., Frank P. LeVeness and Jane P. Sweeney. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 1987.

Chamberlin, Hope. A Minority of Members: Women in the U.S. Congress. New York, Praeger Publishers, 1973.

Chisholm, Shirley. Unbought and Unbossed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1970.

——-. The Good Fight. New York: Harper & Row Publishers, 1973.

Clayton, Dewey M., and Angela M. Stallings. “Black Women in Congress: Striking the Balance.” Journal of Black Studies 30.4 (Mar. 2000): 574-603.

Diamonstein, Barbaralee. Open Secrets: Ninety-four Women in Touch with Our Time. New York: Viking Press, 1970.

Duffy, Susan. “Shirley Chisholm.” In American Orators of the Twentieth Century: Critical Studies and Sources. Eds. Bernard K. Duffy and Halford R. Ryan. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987.

——-. Shirley Chisholm: A Bibliography of Writings By and About Her. Metuchen, NJ: The Scarecrow Press, 1988.

Engelbarts, Rudolf. Women in the United State Congress, 1917-1972. Littleton, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1974.

Gill, LaVerne M. African American Women in Congress: Forming and Transforming History. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1997.

Hankle, Margaret Jean. “A Critical Analysis of Selected Speeches on Women’s Rights by
Representative Shirley Chisholm.” Master’s Thesis, California State University, Long Beach, 1976.

Haskins, James. Fighting Shirley Chisholm. New York: Dial Press, 1975.

Hicks, Nancy. The Honorable Shirley Chisholm, Congresswoman from Brooklyn. New York: Lion Books, 1971.

Sineman, Ester. American Political Women: Contemporary and Historical Profiles. Littleton, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1980.

Taylor, Ula. “The Historical Evolution of Black Feminist Theory and Praxis.” Journal of Black Studies 29.2 (Nov. 1998): 234-253.

Tolchin, Susan, and Martin Tolchin. Clout: Womanpower and Politics. New York, Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1973.

Williamson, Dorothy Kay. “Rhetorical Analysis of Selected Modern Black Spokespersons on the Women’s Liberation Movement.” Ph.D. dissertation, Ohio State University, 1980.

Audio-Visual Materials

Lynch, Shola. Chisholm ’72: Unbought and Unbossed. San Francisco, CA: Independent Television Service/Corporation for Public Broadcasting/National Black Programming Consortium & POV/American Documentary Inc., 2004. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“Chisholm, Shirley Anita, 1924-2005.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

“Equal Rights for Women.” EdChange.

“Equal Rights for Women.” Gifts of Speech.

“For the Equal Rights Amendment.” American Rhetoric Top 100 Speeches.

“For the Equal Rights Amendment.” EdChange.

“Shirley Chisholm: Unbought, Unbossed, and Unforgotten,” The Anti-Defamation League,

“Shirley Chisholm’s 1972 Presidential Campaign.” Jo Freeman.

Last updated March 23, 3016