“A Whole Europe, A Free Europe” (31 MAy 1989),” a machine-readable edition
Bush, George Herbert Walker (1924- )
Andrew P. Hogue
Voices of Democracy
Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 20742
Bush, George H. W. 1989. “A Whole Europe, a Free Europe.” Audio recording of Remarks to the Citizens in Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany, Mainz, Federal
Republic of Germany May 31, 1989. Audiovisual Department, George H. W.
Bush Presidential Library, College Station, TX. [=A]
Bush, George H. W. 1989. “A Whole Europe, a Free Europe.” Reading Text of
Remarks to the Citizens in Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany, Mainz, Federal
Republic of Germany May 31, 1989. Archives Department, Speechwriting File,
George H. W. Bush Presidential Library, College Station, TX. [=B]
Bush, George H. W. “Remarks to the Citizens in Mainz, Federal Republic of
Germany.” Public Papers of the Presidents: George Bush 1989: Book I. John
Woolley and Gerhard Peters, The American Presidency Project [online]. Santa
Barbara, CA: University of California (hosted), Gerhard Peters (database).
Available from World Wide Web: (http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=17085). [=C]
The copy-text is Bush 1989 [=A], an audio recording of the speech as it was delivered in Mainz. This is based on the reasonable efficacy of the speech delivered to the gathered audience, as well as the television and radio listeners. Housed in the George H. W. Bush Presidential Library, this is the recording of the speech that has been preserved for history.
Bush 1989 [=B] is used for paragraphing and spelling in all cases except the paragraph labeled . This was the version of the speech from which the president read, and it is also identical to the final copy of the speech as prepared by the speechwriters. Paragraph numbers have been added in square brackets. Paragraph  does not appear on this version, so the version of the speech that appears in the Public Papers of the Presidents [=C] is used for paragraphing these opening remarks. This [=C] is moreover the version used for punctuation throughout the speech because the reading version [=B] was punctuated for easier reading by the speaker, not for grammatical propriety. In other words, it [=B] was not punctuated correctly in several places, ending with some sentences with dashes or ellipses, for instance, presumably in an effort to remind the speaker to pause for effect.
The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread.
All double quotation marks are rendered with “, all single quotation marks with apostrophe ‘.
There were no departures from the copy-text.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Library of Congress Classification
17 April 1986
Citizens of Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany
Mainz, Federal Republic of Germany
Presidents – United States, Cold War, Foreign Policy, U.S.
Internationalism, George H.W. Bush, containment, metaphor, nature
VOD Assistant Editor
Samek, Alyssa A.
Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)
Hogue, Andrew P.
collation of electronic copy-text with other versions
Hogue, Andrew P.
editing of electronic text
Hogue, Andrew P.
proofread edited electronic text