Anzaldua, Gloria. Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza. San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books, 1987.

Apess, William. On Our Own Ground: The Complete Writings of William Apess, a Pequot. Barry O’Connell, ed. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992.

Axtell, James. The Invasion Within: The Contest of Cultures in Colonial North America.
New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Bercovitch, Sacvan. The American Jeremiad. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1978.

Bizzell, Patricia. “The 4th of July and the 22′d of December: The Function of Cultural Archives in Persuasion, as Shown by Frederick Douglass and William Apess.” College Composition and Communication 48 (February 1997): 44-60.

——-. “(Native) American Jeremiad: The ‘Mixedblood’ Rhetoric of William Apess.” In American Indian Rhetorics of Survivance: Word Medicine, Word Magic, Ernest
Stromberg, ed. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2006.

Bourne, Russell. The Red King’s Rebellion: Racial Politics in New England,
1675-1678. New York: Atheneum, 1990.

Cave, Alfred A. The Pequot War. Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 1996.

Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

Douglass, Frederick. The Oxford Frederick Douglass Reader. William L. Andrews, editor. New York: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Gussman, Deborah. “‘O Savage, Where Art Thou?’: Rhetorics of Reform in William Apess’s Eulogy on King Philip.” New England Quarterly 67 (September 2004): 451-477.

Gustafson, Sandra. “Nations of Israelites: Prophecy and Cultural Autonomy in the Writings of William Apess.” Religion and Literature 26 (Spring 1994): 31-53.

hooks, bell. Talking Back: Thinking Feminist, Thinking Black. Boston: South End Press, 1989.

Hutchins, Francis. Mashpee: The Story of Cape Cod’s Indian Town. West Franklin, New Hampshire: Amarta Press, 1979.

Konkle, Maureen. Writing Indian Nations: Native Intellectuals and the Politics of Historiography, 1827-1863. Chapel Hill: North Carolina University Press, 2004.

Lepore, Jill. The Name of War: King Philip’s War and the Origins of American Identity.
New York: Knopf, 1998.

Lyons, Scott. “A Captivity Narrative: Indians, Mixedbloods, and ‘White’ Academe.” In Outbursts in Academe: Multiculturalism and Other Sources of Conflict. Kathleen Dixon, ed. Portsmouth, NH: Boynton/Cook-Heinmann, 1998.

O’Connell, Barry. “Introduction.” In Apess, William. On Our Own Ground: The Complete Writings of William Apess, A Pequot. Barry O’Connell, ed. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1992.

Peters, Russell (Mashpee Wampanoag). The Wampanoags of Mashpee. Somerville,
Massachusetts: Nimrod Press, 1987.

Pevar, Stephen L. The Rights of Indians and Tribes: The Basic ACLU Guide to Indian and Tribal Rights, 2nd edition. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1992.

Peyer, Bernd C. The Tutor’d Mind: Indian Missionary-Writers in Antebellum America. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997.

Powell, Malea. “Listening to Ghosts: An Alternative (Non)Argument.” In ALT DIS: Alternative Discourses and the Academy. Christopher Schroeder, Helen Fox, and Patricia Bizzell, eds. Portsmouth NH: Boynton/Cook-Heinemann, 2002.

Pratt, Mary Louise. “Arts of the Contact Zone.” Profession 91 (1991): 31-40.

Salisbury, Neal. Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New England. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982.

Tiro, Karim M. “Denominated ‘SAVAGE’: Methodism, Writing, and Identity in the Works of William Apess, A Pequot.” American Quarterly 48 (December 1996): 653-679.

Vaughan, Alden. New England Frontier: 1620-1675. 1965, 2nd edition, New York: Norton, 1979.

Velikova, Roumiana. “‘Philip, King of the Pequots’: History of an Error.” Early
American Literature 37 (2002): 311-335.

Villanueva, Victor, Jr. Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color. Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1993.

Walker, Cheryl. Indian Nation: Native American Literature and Nineteenth-Century Nationalism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1997.

Warrior, Robert. The People and the Word: Reading Native Nonfiction. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005.

Audio-Visual Materials

Burns, Ken, and Stephen Ives. The West. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 1996. Video Recording.

McLeod, Christopher. In the Light of Reverence. La Honda, CA: Sacred Land Film Project, 2001. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

Build the Dream.org, Washington, DC, Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial, http://www.nps.gov/mlkm/index.htm.

“Indian Removal Act, The Trail of Tears,” https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Indian.html.

National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, www.nmai.si.edu.

Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center, http://www.pequotmuseum.org/.

Last updated March 24, 2016.