No full-scale scholarly biography of Heschel exists. Or N. Rose’s book was written for children, although with the approval of Heschel’s family. Further information about Rabbi Heschel must be pieced together from the sources listed below, which are cited in the interpretive essay.


Ahmann, Michael, editor. Race: Challenge to Religion. Chicago: Henry Regnery Company, 1963.

Brown, Robert McAfee. “‘Some Are Guilty, All Are Responsible’: Heschel’s Social Ethics.” In Abraham Joshua Heschel: Exploring His Life and Thought. Ed., John C. Merkle. New York: MacMillan, 1985.

Donin, Hayim Halevy. To Be a Jew: A Guide to Jewish Observance in Everyday Life. New York: Basic Books, 1991.

Dresner, Samuel H. Heschel, Hasidism, and Halakha. New York: Fordham University Press, 2002.

Fierman, Morton C. Leap of Action: Ideas in the Theology of Abraham Joshua Heschel. New York: Lanham, 1990.

Finkelstein, Norman H. Heeding the Call: Jewish Voices in America’s Civil Rights Struggle. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1997.

Friedland, Michael B. Lift Up Your Voice Like a Trumpet: White Clergy and the Civil Rights and Antiwar Movements. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.

Friedman, Murray. What Went Wrong? The Creation and Collapse of the Black-Jewish Alliance. New York: Free Press, 1995.

Goldstein, Eric. The Price of Whiteness: Jews, Race, and American Identity. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Greenberg, Cheryl Lynn. Troubling the Waters: Black-Jewish Relations in the American

Century. Princeton. NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006.

Hall, Mitchell K. Because of Their Faith: CALCAV and Religious Opposition to the Vietnam War. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996.

Heschel, Abraham Joshua. “Religion and Race.” In The Insecurity of Freedom. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1966.

——-. “The White Man on Trial.” In The Insecurity of Freedom. New York: Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, 1966.

Heschel, Susannah. “Introduction.” In Moral Grandeur and Spiritual Audacity: Essays by Abraham Joshua Heschel. Ed., Susannah Heschel. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1996.

——-. “Theological Affinities in the Writings of Abraham Joshua Heschel and Martin Luther King Jr.” In Black Zion: African-American Religious Encounters with Judaism. Eds., Yvonne Chireau and Nathaniel Deutsch. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Kaplan, Edward K. “Heschel, Abraham Joshua.” American National Biography. Vol.10. Eds., John A. Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Neusner, Jacob. “Abraham Joshua Heschel: The Man.” In Heschel, Abraham Joshua. To Grow in Wisdom: An Anthology of Abraham Joshua Heschel. Ed., Jacob Neusner, with Noam M. M. Neusner. Lanham,Maryland: Madison Books, 1990.

Rose, Or N. Abraham Joshua Heschel: Man of Spirit, Man of Action. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2003.

Schneier, Rabbi Marc. Shared Dreams: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Jewish Community. Woodstock, Vermont: Jewish Lights Publishing, 1999.

Sherman, Franklin. The Promise of Heschel. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, 1970.

Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Uncle Tom’s Cabin or, Life among the Lowly. 1852. Rpt. New York: Penguin Books, 1981.

Audio-Visual Materials

Newirth, Marianna Mott. Abraham Joshua Heschel Remembered. New York: Jewish Heritage Video Collection, 1973.

On-Line Resources

“Articles in Honor of Yohrzeit of Abraham Joshua Heschel,” The Shalom Center, https://theshalomcenter.org/treasury/52.

West, Cornel. Interview, Tavis Smiley National Public Radio broadcast, 14 January 2004. At http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1596896.

Last updated May 4, 2016