Conley, Richard S., ed.  Transforming the American Polity: The Presidency of George W. Bush and the War on Terrorism. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2005.

Dershowitz, Alan M. Preemption: A Knife That Cuts Both Ways. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006.

Fukuyama, Francis. America at the Crossroads: Democracy, Power, and the Neoconservative Legacy. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2006.

Harf, James E., and Mark Owen Lombardi, ed.  The Unfolding Legacy of 9/11. Lanham, MD.: University Press of America, 2005.

Ignatieff, Michael. The Lesser Evil: Political Ethics in an Age of Terror. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Jervis, Robert. “Understanding the Bush Doctrine.”  Political Science Quarterly (118) 2003: 365-388.

Miller, Mark J., and Boyka Stefanova. The War on Terror in Comparative Perspective: U.S. Security and Foreign Policy After 9/11. New York: Palgrave, 2007.

Nakaya, Andrea, ed.  America‘s Battle Against Terrorism.  Farmington Hills, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2005.

Northouse, Clayton, ed. Protecting What Matters: Technology, Security, and Liberty since 9/11. Washington, DC: Computer Ethics Institute: Brookings Institution Press, 2006.

Sammon, Bill. Fighting Back. Washington, DC: Regnery Publishing, 2002.

Smith, Derek D. Deterring America. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.  2006.

Suskind, Ron. The One Percent Doctrine: Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of its Enemies Since 9/11. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2006.

Woodward, Bob. Bush at War. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2002.

——. Plan of Attack. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2004.

——. State of Denial. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.

Audio-Visual Materials

Anderson, Mark, and Greg Barker. Campaign Against Terror. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 2002. Video Recording.

Bernstein, Emily M., and Margaret Murphy. The War Against Al Qaeda. New York: A&E Television Networks, 2004. Video Recording.

Docherty, Neil. Al Qaeda’s New Front. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 2005. Video Recording.

Martin, Linda. War on Terror: Year in Review. New York: A&E Entertainment, 2002. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“America’s War Against Terrorism.” The University of Michigan Document’s Center,

“Chronicling the Rebirth of Ground Zero in New York City.” Project Rebirth,

“Counterterrorism.” Federal Bureau of Investigation,

“Days of Terror: A Photo Gallery.” New York Magazine,

Department of Homeland Security,

“National Security.” The White House: George W. Bush,

“The CIA & the War on Terror.” Central Intelligence Agency,

U.S. Department of Defense,

“USA Patriot Act.” American Civil Liberties Union,

USA Patriot Act, HR 3162,

Last updated March 24, 2016