Benson, Thomas W. Writing JFK: Presidential Rhetoric and the Press in the Bay of Pigs Crisis. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2004.

Bernstein, Irving. Promises Kept: John F. Kennedy’s New Frontier. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Brockriede, Wayne, and Robert L. Scott. Moments in the Rhetoric of the Cold War. New York: Random House, 1970.

Brogan, Hugh. Kennedy. New York: Longman Publishing Group, 1996; rpt. 2000.

Burner, David. John F. Kennedy and a New Generation, 3rd ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2009.

Claflin, Edward B., ed. JFK Wants to Know: Memos from the President’s Office, 1961-1963. New York: William Morrow Company, 1991.

Dallek, Robert. An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Company, 2003.

Davis, Richard, The Press and American Politics: The New Mediator. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 2001.

Giglio, James N. The Presidency of John F. Kennedy, Rev. ed. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2006.

Graham, James. “Kennedy, Cuba, and the Press.” Journalism History 24 (1998): 60-72.

Hamilton, Nigel. JFK: Reckless Youth. New York: Random House Publishing Group, 1992.

Jones, Howard. The Bay of Pigs. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Kaiser, David E. The Road to Dallas: The Assassination of John F. Kennedy. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2008.

Kennedy, John F. Why England Slept. New York: Wilfred Funk, Inc. 1940; rpt. Westport: Greenwood Press, 1981.

—. ed. As We Remember Joe. Cambridge, MA: University Press, 1945.

—. Profiles in Courage. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1955; rpt. New York: Perennial/HarperCollins, 2006.

—. A Nation of Immigrants. New York: Anti-Defamation League of B’nai B’rith, 1964, Rev. ed. New York: Harper Perennial, 2008.

—. John Fitzgerald Kennedy: A Compilation of Statements and Speeches Made During His Service in the United States Senate and House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office, 1964.

—. The Kennedy Presidential Press Conferences. New York: Earl M. Coleman Enterprises, 1978.

Kern, Montague, Patricia W. Levering, and Ralph B. Levering. The Kennedy Crises: The Press, the Presidency, and Foreign Policy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1983.

Maltese, John A. ‘Spin Control.’ The White House Office of Communications and the Management of Presidential News. 2nd ed. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.

Medhurst, Martin J., Robert L. Ivie, Phillip Wander, and Robert L. Scott. Cold War Rhetoric: Strategy, Metaphor, and Ideology. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1997.

Medhurst, Martin J., and H.W. Brands, eds. Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000.

O’Brien, Michael. John F. Kennedy: A Biography. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2005.

Parmet, Herbert S. Jack: The Struggles of John F. Kennedy. New York: Dial Press, 1980.
—. JFK: The Presidency of John F. Kennedy. New York: Dial Press, 1983.

Parry-Giles, Shawn J. The Rhetorical Presidency, Propaganda, and the Cold War, 1945-1955. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2002.

Reeves, Richard. President Kennedy: Profile of Power. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993.

Rorabaugh, W. J. Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House, Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin, 1965; rpt. First Mariner Books, 2002.

Sidey, Hugh. John F. Kennedy, President. New York: Atheneum, 1963.

Smith, Craig A., and Kathy B. Smith. The White House Speaks: Presidential Leadership as Persuasion. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 1994.

Sorensen, Theodore C. Kennedy. New York: Harper & Row, 1965; rpt. New York: Harper Perennial, 2009.

—. The Kennedy Legacy. New York: MacMillan Company, 1969; rpt. New York: Maxwell Macmillan International, 1993.
—. ed. “Let the Word Go Forth”: The Speeches, Statements, and Writings of John F. Kennedy. New York: Delacorte Press, 1988.

Tebbel, John, and Sarah M. Watts, The Press and the Presidency: From George Washington to Ronald Reagan. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

White, Theodore H. The Making of the President, 1960. Cutchogue, NY: Antheneum House, Inc., 1961; rpt. New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 2004.

Audio-Visual Materials

Crisis: Behind a Presidential Commitment. New York, NY: New Video Group, 2003. Video Recording.

JFK. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 2003. Video Recording.

JFK: A Presidency Revealed. New York, NY: A&E Home Video, 2003. Video Recording.

JFK: Reckless Youth. Orland Park, IL: MPI Home Video, 1993. Video Recording.

The Kennedys. Alexandria, VA: PBS Video, 1997. Video Recording.

The Speeches of John F. Kennedy. Oak Forest, IL: MPI Home Video, 1990. Video Recording.

Thirteen Days. New York, NY: New Line Home Entertainment, 2001. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“Address Before the American Society of Newspaper Editors, 20 April 1961 (Audio).” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum,

“Address to American Society of Newspaper Editors, 20 April 1961 (Press Copy and Reading Copy).” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum,

American President: John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Miller Center for Public Affairs, University of Virginia,

“Bay of Pigs Invasion Newsreel.” C-SPAN,

“Biography of John F. Kennedy.Official White House Website, History and Tours, Past Presidents,

“Declassified Top Secret Documents Concerning Cuba, 1961.” John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum,

“Public Papers of the Presidents: John F. Kennedy.” 3 vols. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1962-64. The American Presidency Project,

The John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum,

“This Day in History (April 17, 1961).”,

Last updated May 4, 2016