FDR, “The Four Freedoms,” Textual Authentication

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (1882-1941)

edited by
James J. Kimble

Voices of Democracy: The U. S. Oratory Project

Department of Communication,
2130 Skinner Building,
University of Maryland,
College Park, MD 21774

Brief notes on the text are included in the editorial
declaration of this header.

Roosevelt, Franklin D. “Annual Message to Congress. January 6, 1941,” audio recording, available at http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/od4freed.html. [=A]
Early, Stephen. Press Release. January 6, 1941. In Master Speech File, Box 58, Folder no. 1353, Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library, Hyde Park, NY. [=B]

The copy text is Roosevelt 1941 [=A], an audio recording of the speech as it was delivered before Congress and radio networks.

Early 1941 [=B], is followed for all formatting, including paragraphs, spelling, and punctuation. This source is the original transcript of the speech as released to the press by the White House; however, the document also contains hand-written emendations noting changes from the transcript to the delivered speech.

The text of this edition has been thoroughly checked and proofread. All double quotations are rendered with “, all single quotations with an apostrophe ‘. This copy-text is not subject to end-of-line hyphenation. Paragraph numbers have been added in square brackets.

Standard date values are given in ISO form: yyyy-mm-dd.

Characteristics of interpretation of this edition are as follows:

Proper names are not marked.
Dates are not marked.
Emphasis is marked without interpretation.

Departures from the copy-text and general editorial procedures (reference numbers specify paragraph in which the departure occurs):
5 we oppose enforced isolation for ourselves B: we oppose for – enforced isolation A
8 And in like fashion from 1815 to 1914 B: from eighteen-hundred and fifteen, to 1914 A

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Classification

06 January 1941
U.S. Captol
Washington, D.C.


Political Science
Presidents–United States–message



VOD Associate Editor
Gaines, Robert N.

Created TEI header and xml conformant file. Validated on 25 March 2006 in XMetal 3.1.3 against teixlite.dtd (version 2004-07-16)


Kimble, James J.

data entry, editing, proof reading of electronic text


Kimble, James J.

collation of electronic copy-text with other versions


Kimble, James J.

editing of electronic text


Kimble, James J.

proof-reading of edited electronic text