Buchanan, Patrick J. Right from the Beginning. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Company, 1988. 

Cloud, Dana. “The Rhetoric of : Scapegoating, Utopia, and the Privatization of  Social Responsibility.” Western Journal of Communication 62(4) (1998): 387-419.

Flippen, Brooks J. Jimmy Carter, The Politics of Family, and the Rise of the Religious Right. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2011.

Foss, Sonja K. “Equal Rights Amendment: Two Worlds in Conflict.” Quarterly Journal of  Speech 65(3) (1979): 275-288.

Gregg, Richard B. “Rhetorical Strategies for a Culture War: Abortion in the 1992 Campaign.”     Communication Quarterly 42(3) (1994): 229-243.

Hunter, James D. Culture Wars: The Struggle to Define America. New York: Basic Books, 1991.

Nash, George H. The Conservative Intellectual Movement in America. New York: Basic Books, 1976.

Rowland, Robert C., and John Jones. “Entelechial and Reformative Symbolic Trajectories in  Contemporary Conservatism: A Case Study of Reagan and Buchanan in Houston and      Beyond.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4(1) (2001): 55-84.

Stanley, Timothy. The Crusader: The Life and Tumultuous Times of Pat Buchanan. New York:   Thomas Dunne, 2012.

Vanderford, Marsha. “Vilification and Social Movements: A Case Study of Pro-Life and Pro-Choice Rhetoric.” Quarterly Journal of Speech 75 (1989): 166-182.

Weber, Jill M. “James Danforth Quayle, III, ‘Murphy Brown Speech’ (19 May 1992),” Voices of Democracy 4 (2009): 83-96.

Audio-Visual Materials 

After Words with Pat Buchanan. C-Span Video Library. October 27, 2011, 

“With God On Our Side: George W. Bush and the Rise of the Religious Right in America.” First Run Features, DVD, 2004.  

On-Line Resources

“The Cultural War for the Soul of America.”, September 14, 1992,

 “The Antietam of the Culture War.”, May 11, 2012,

 “‘Cultural War’ of 1992 Moves In From the Fringe.” The New York Times, August 29, 2012,

Patrick J. Buchanan—Official Website.

Last updated March 24, 2016