Bennett, Gordon C. “The Heckler and the Heckled in Presidential campaign of 1968.” Communication Quarterly 27 (Spring 1979): 28-37.

Bennett, W. Lance. “The Ritualistic and Pragmatic Bases of Political Campaign Discourse.” Quarterly Journal of Speech. 63 (October 1977): 219-238.

Canfield, James Lewis. A Case of Third Party Activism: The George Wallace Campaign Worker and the American Independent Party. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1984.

Carlson, Jody. George C. Wallace and the Politics of Powerlessness. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1981.

Carter, Dan T. From George Wallace to Newt Gingrich: Race in the Conservative Counterrevolution, 1963-1994. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1996.

Carter, Dan T. George Wallace, Richard Nixon, and the Transformation of American Politics. Waco, TX: Markham Press Fund, 1992.

Carter, Dan T. “Legacy of Rage: George Wallace and the Transformation of American Politics.” The Journal of Southern History. 62 (February 1996): 3-26.

Carter, Dan T. The Politics of Rage: George Wallace. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State    University Press, 1995.

Clark, E. Culpepper. The Schoolhouse Door: Segregation’s Last Stand at the University of Alabama. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Crable, Richard E. and John L. MaKay. “Kenneth Burke’s Concept of Motives in Rhetorical Theory.” Today’s Speech. 20 (Winter 1972): 11-18.

Frederick, Jeff. Stand Up for Alabama: Governor George Wallace. Tuscaloosa, AL: University   of Alabama Press, 2007.

Greider, William. “Wallace is Shot, Legs Paralyzed; Suspect Seized at Laurel Rally.” Washington Post. 16 May 1972. A1.

Harte, Thomas B. “The Rhetoric of Pox: Invention in George Wallace’s Speech at Cape Girardeau, Missouri.” Central States Speech Journal. 23 (Fall 1972): 202-205.

Healey, Thomas S. The Two Deaths of George Wallace: The Question of Forgiveness. Montgomery, AL: Black Belt Press, 1996.

Hogan, J. Michael. “Wallace and the Wallacites: A Reexamination.” Southern Speech Communication Journal. 50 (Fall 1984): 24-48.

Lee, Michael J. “The Populist Chameleon: The People’s Party, Huey Long, George Wallace, and the Populist Argumentative Frame.” Quarterly Journal of Speech. 92 (November 2006):   355-378.

Lesher, Stephen. George Wallace: American Populist. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, 1994.

Lowndes, Joseph. “From Founding Violence to Political Hegemony: The Conservative Populism of George Wallace.” in Populism and the Mirror of Democracy. ed. Francisco Panizza.    New York, NY: Verso, 2005.

Makay, John J. “George C. Wallace: Southern Spokesman with a Northern Audience.” Central States Speech Journal. 19 (Fall 1968): 202-208.

Makay, John J. “The Rhetoric of George C. Wallace and the 1964 Civil Rights Law.” Today’s Speech. 18 (November 1970): 26-33.

Makay, John J. “The Rhetorical Strategies of Governor George Wallace in the 1964 Maryland Primary.” Southern Speech Communication Journal. 36 (Winter 1970): 164-175.

Permaloff, Anne and Carl Grafton. Political Power in Alabama: The More Things Change….  Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press, 1995.

Raines, Howell. “George Wallace, Segregation Symbol, Dies at 79.” New York Times. 14  September 1994. A1.

Raum, Richard D. and James S. Measell. “Wallace and His Ways: A Study of the Rhetorical Genre of Polarization.” Central States Speech Journal. 25 (Spring 1974): 28-35.

Roberts, Churchill. “From Primary to Presidency: A Panel Study of Images and Issues in the 1976 Presidential Election.” Western Journal of Communication. 45 (Winter 1981): 60-70.

Rohler, Lloyd. George Wallace: Conservative Populist. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 2004.

Rohler, Lloyd. “Making Conservative Appeals to the People: George Wallace’s Populist Rhetoric.” Southern Communication Journal. 64 (Summer 1999): 316-322.

Rosenfield, Lawrence W. “George Wallace Plays Rosemary’s Baby.” Quarterly Journal of Speech. 55 (February 1969): 36-44.

Swanson, David. ‘”The Rhetoric of Political Revolt: George C. Wallace.” in Current Criticism: Essays from Speaker and Gavel. ed. Robert O. Weiss and Bernard L. Brock. Lawrence, KA: Delta Sigma Rho—Tau Kappa Alpha, 1971.

White, Theodore H. The Making of the President 1964. New York, NY: Anthem Publishers, 1965.

White, Theodore H. The Making of the President, 1968. New York, NY: Pocket Books, 1970.

White, Theodore H. The Making of the President, 1972. New York, NY: Antheneum Publishers, 1973.

Audio-Visual Materials

Azbell, Joe. George Wallace, American: A Photobiography. Houston, TX: Lawrence Field, 1973.

Drew, Robert. Kennedy v. Wallace. Los Angeles, CA, Direct Cinema Ltd. 1991. Video Recording.

McCabe, Daniel and Paul Stekler. George Wallace: Settin’ the Woods on Fire. Alexandria, VA: PBS Home Video, 2000. Video Recording.

Monash, Paul. George Wallace. Burbank, CA: Warner Home Video, 1997. Video Recording.

On-Line Resources

“Alabama Governors: George Corley Wallace.” Alabama Department of Archives & History.

“Governor George C. Wallace’s Schoolhouse Door Speech.” Alabama Department of Archives & History.

“Race, Voting Right, and Segregation: Racial Realignment of Parties, 1948-1984: George Wallace and Electoral Opposition to Civil Rights, 1968.” The Geography of Race in the United States.

Raines, Howell. “George Wallace, Segregation Symbol, Dies at 79.” New York Times, September 14, 1998,

Riechers, Maggie. “Racism to Redemption: The Path of George Wallace.” Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities, 21 (April/March 2000),

“Wallace in the Schoolhouse Door.” National Public Radio.